How is gum disease treated?
There are a variety of treatments for gum disease, with the goal being to control the infection. Depending on the severity of the gum disease, your overall health and your history with past gum disease treatments, your dentist will recommend a suitable treatment.
In mild cases, the dental practitioner will deep-clean (scale and root plan) your teeth. Scaling removes plaque from the above and below the gum line, while root planing removes rough spots on the tooth root. In some cases, your dentist may prescribe a medication to be used in conjunction with a deep-clean. These nonsurgical options aim to control the bacteria growing in the mouth and reduce the size of periodontal pockets.
Surgical treatments are required for extreme cases of gum disease or periodontitis. Flap surgery may be necessary if deep pockets and inflammation remain after deep cleaning and medications. This surgery commonly involves the dentist lifting back the gums to remove tartar. Once removed, the gums are stitched back in place and the gums heal snugly around the tooth.
Bone and tissue grafts aim to regenerate the bone or gum tissue that has been lost. Bone grafting involves a natural or synthetic bone replacing the lost bone. Tissue is regenerated through a procedure using a mesh-like material which is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This stops the gum tissues from growing into the space where the bone should be.
During you consultation, your dentist will run through the options and advise which treatment plan works best for you.
Disclaimer: Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.